【Basic Kanji07】the nature(木、林、森、水、氷、川、空)

Hi there ! Since I have a Nepali husband, Araam, who learns Kanji for N5 and I have been trying to find out how to memorize them easily.

Here in my blog about Nepal, I want to share it with you who are learning Kanjis.

This time I will write about Kanjis associated with the nature.

*Pls set your browser's language not translated in English.





This Kanji was created on the form of tree.


The stroke order is (From the left to the right)

And if u remember 木, you can easily remember Kanji expressing woods.

We have two Kanjis to express woods, one is 林(hayashi) and 森(mori). 林 has less trees.


In this pic, there are a lot of 木 for woods, but you don't need write such many 木 for 森, instead, only three 木 is in 森 obiously. However there is a Kanji which has five 木 in China where Kanji was created back to in acient times.



If they are combined like 森林, we call it (shinrin).  This expresses places where a lot of  treesa anyway

  • 木(ki,  moku) a tree 
  • 林(hayashi, rin) woods
  • 森(mori, shin) woods, forest

Aboud 林 and 森, we have such surnames for Japanese. And it is a very common name is 小林さん(kobayashi-san). This means a small woods.

 ※林 is not connected. You can write  two 木 simply.

And you have realized perhaps, 木 is Moku of (Mokuyobi), 木よう日. 木よう日 means Thursday.


This  symbolizes watner flow like this pic.

The stroke order is

(From the left to the right)

If 水 is combined with other Kanjis, we pronounce it (Sui)such as...

  • 水よう日(suiyoubi) Wendseday.
  • 水道(suido) running water, water service
  • 水道水(suidosui) running water, tap water


  • 水道の水(suido no mizu) running water, tap water

But in this 氷水, 水 still is pronounced (mizu)

  • 氷水(koorimizu)iced warter

氷 is very similar to 水. If 水 has a dot on the left top, it turn to mean ice.

  • 氷(koori)ice
  • 氷る(kooru) to froze

We can see  surnames using 水 such as 水上さん(mizukami-san)、水田さん(mizuta-san ).

※水田 is pronounced (suiden) when it doesn't indicate someone, instead, it means rice field.

I know this is so complicated.....

川(kawa) river

This also symbolizes river like this pic.


  • 川(kawa, gawa) river

We have such a surname, 小川さん(ogawa-san)and station of JR line in Tokyo, 品川 (shinagawa). In these case, we pronounce 川 (gawa).

But in this case of 川上さん(kawakami-san), 川 is pronounced (kawa)... I know it is complecated....


Anyway 小川 means a small river, 川上 means upperriver. Let's try to just memorize them.

空(sora) the sky

This can be divided into three katakana to memorize easily.



The stroke order is 

(From the top left to the bottom right)


  • 青空(aozora) a blue sky
  • 空気(kuuki) the air - in this case we pronounce 空 Kuu

Yes, it is complecated, I know. But we Japanese also try to just memrize every Kanji.

Ganbari masho!